In the UK, the USA and education systems based on these two models, engineering education is usually focused on generic skills and understanding which can be applied in a range of employment environments. This is reflected in degree titles such as Mechanical Engineering rather than product-specific titles such as Tractor Engineering which used to prevail in (for example) Soviet societies [e.g. Tractor Engineering at Moscow State Technical University, or the Department of Road-Building Machines at Belgorod State Technical Academy of Building Materials]. However, recent instances of skill shortages in key industries have led to the development of a small number of dedicated programmes such as railway engineering and motorsport engineering.
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